Analysing GDP, Subjective Well-being, Children’s Rights and The Capabilities Approach for a better way to address children’s well-being.

Lara Mikocki

Image by Angela Oliveira

Introduction

While the notion of well-being has been promoted by the World Health Organization since 1948 there is still little consensus as to how it should be measured (WHO 2012, p. 6; Morrow 2010, p. 5), let alone for children.“Well-being is most commonly used in philosophy to describe what is non-instrumentally or ultimately good for a person” (SEP 2017), which could include health, relationships, economic security, the environment, and education. However, there are many more definitions of well-being, as well…


I have found myself unsure of what to buy if I want to buy virgin products wisely. I know clothes and furniture I can buy second hand, but products like food, bed sheets and sanitary products, it needs to be virgin, or new. Consumers rely on labels, advertising and marketing information to help choose products they believe to be safe, healthful and produced using practices that are aligned with their values. Many companies can exploit this fact. They knowingly mislead consumers by claiming their products are natural when in fact those products contain artificial ingredients. In business ethics, this is…


This standard of West-centric justice, where the rich ‘save’ the poor, populates many concerns, however foremostly cements the rich West prerogative and power hierarchy, eventually sustaining the status quo of the poor remaining at the bottom.

Introduction: The problem of West-centric ethics and inequality

A well-known study by the World Institute for Development Economics Research at United Nations University reported that the wealthiest 1% of adults alone owned 40% of global assets in the year 2000. The bottom half of the world adult population owned 1% of global wealth. But who is the “bottom” and the “top”? Most people living…


“Diversity is being invited to the party, inclusion is being asked to dance.”

This article hopes to provide an ethical framework for diversity that supports a thriving, networked workplace of diversity, as opposed to ‘islands of diversity’, and that framework is called the capability approach.

Workplace diversity and inclusion is the catch-cry of many Fortune 500 people programmes. From Unilever’s recent announcement of 50/50 gender split in management roles, to Wharton School of Economics first female dean, these kinds of broadcasts beg the question: how much are these merely for sounding the PR horn, and how much are D&I programmes pursuing meaningful social ethics? Even in this introduction, the above two examples only mention gender diversity, whereas diversity is much more, well, diverse.

This concern grounds itself in the idea that, while there is a great deal of strategic effort siphoned into workplace diversity policies…


CHILDREN, EDUCATION AND NEURO-BIOMETRICS

Authors: Lara Mikocki and Bente van der Laan

January 29, 2020

Executive summary

This report aims to provide a starting point in understanding the moral concerns of using neuro-biometric devices for the education of children. The report does this from a right-based approach and investigates the key moral dilemmas relevant to the application of a specific neuro-biometric device, FocusEdu, and specifically keeps the interests of the child at the fore of the investigation. The key moral dilemmas that are discussed include questions around the impact of the device on a child’s autonomy and freedom; the impact…


For over 300 years, the West revered experimental sciences for its ability to unravel the secrets of nature and the universe. This hunger for science was, and still is, driven heavily by societal needs. With the help of engineers, science was converted into technologies. Technologies which, like a mechanical genie, professed to fulfil the wishes of society. But how does technology exacerbate or cure the results of the market in society?

For over 300 years, the West revered experimental sciences for its ability to unravel secrets of nature and the universe. This hunger for science was, and still is, driven…


Who has the moral responsibility to ensure a child’s right to protection against attention-mining algorithms?

Keywords: Cyberpsychology, Behaviour, Social Networking, Ethics, Algorithms, Children

Image by Patrick Wong

Introduction

Your next video: “Killer Daddy Pig Kills and Eats Peppa Pig”. This is the reality of videos on Youtube Kids autoplay — a space where popular children’s characters like Peppa Pig is eaten by her father, to Peppa Pig drinking a bottle of bleach, and far worse. The topic of children’s online media garnered attention when covered in James Bridles widely read 2017 essay, ‘Something is wrong on the Internet’1, covering the swathe of children’s videos…


An ethical analysis of defensive design in urban planning

Introduction

Imagine a building that resents you. This is the attitude of a form of urban architecture called ‘defensive design’ (DD), also known as ‘hostile architecture’. The practice of urban planning aims to exclude groups of people from some locations, and can be exampled by: benches that cannot be slept on; spikes that cannot be stood on; gated communities; and pieces of metal that prevent your ability to skateboard. In this paper, I argue that DD is an attitudinal institution which can be morally impermissible. However, the moral impermissibility holds only in the cases that it impacts the wellbeing of…


Fake Culture, The Truth and the Right to not be Misled

Although there are many global challenges and changes, we have seen at least one major development gathering attention in the last 40 years: technology. Though technology is commonly associated with privacy threats, there is another problem: fast-spread fake news, fake social media accounts, fake media, and deepfake algorithms and AI (Bullock and Luengo-Oroz, 2019). I have dubbed this species of information as ‘fake information’. …


When deliberately embracing ethical models of leadership blooming with support and safety, a healthy organisational climate bursts into action. Illustration by Fonzy Nils

It is not new that healthy organisational culture is tightly connected to leadership and employee satisfaction and behaviour. Healthy organisational culture allows for open and free movement of its members, in turn generating more space for innovative behaviour. But what is a key ingredient of healthy organisational culture? Its leadership, and more specifically the moral quality of its leadership. This kind of leadership has shown to be an effective predictor of job satisfaction, organisation commitment, moral identity, voicing behaviour, and organisational citizenship behaviour (Yidong and Xinxin, 2013).

What is ethical leadership?

It is all well and good to herald ethical…

Lara Mikocki

Just a curious human.

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